DE|stress is a 3D-printed concrete shell of 110 unique panels. Computationally optimized to its specific form and place, DE|stress adopts innovative technologies in pursuit of concrete construction that is more sustainable, formally responsive, and flexible. The vaulted space invites community collaboration, gathering, and activity under the shade, as well as providing an ideal place to admire the surroundings as framed by its arches. DE|stress is designed in collaboration with Martin Miller of Cornell University.

Materials - Laticrete MD-31 3D Printable Mortar; Laser cut painted steel; Steel; EcoVantage Thermally Modified Ash Wood; Greensand Mix (Bentonite Clay, Medium Sand)



Fuller Architectural Hardwoods


Midwest Metals Inc.

Ball State University Academic Excellence (AEG) Grant

CAP Makes Research Grant

In-Situ Hands-On Learning Fund Department of Architecture

Christopher A. Battaglia is the Design Innovation Fellow and an assistant teaching professor at Ball State University’s Department of Architecture. Battaglia researches innovative and efficient ways to spatialize concrete through additive manufacturing and digital fabrication techniques.

Battaglia holds a bachelor of science degree from Wentworth Institute of Technology and a master of architecture degree from Cornell University, where he received the AIA Henry Adams Medal and Certificate of Merit 2017 and the Eschweiler Prize for Merit and Distinction in M.Arch Design Studio 2017. Battaglia continues to work in collaboration with the Robotic Construction Laboratory (RCL) at Cornell University, with their research published in both Rob|Arch and ACADIA.

I looked at ways in which the legacy of the architects who helped build Columbus into this great example of Modernist Architecture came to be. With the town's architectural initiatives, and the ways in which they set out to promote public works, it was important for me to do some research into what makes a positive public space for those who live in a community.

In 1858 the German Lutheran Congregation, then one of the fastest-growing congregations in Columbus, built their first church here. Over 100 years later, Gunnar Birkerts designed an impressive new church recalling the old cathedrals of his native Latvia, and capped with a 186-foot tall copper-clad spire. Before being hired by the church, Birkerts was originally commissioned to design the award winning Lincoln Elementary School in 1967 with support from the Cummins Foundation Architecture Program.