The Ohio State University
Austin E. Knowlton School of Architecture


INSCRIBED grew out of an exploration of scripted drawings that referenced procedural work from artists such as Sol Lewitt, Bridget Riley and Casey Reas. The resulting line work was then developed into a series of 3D printed panels that informed a structural framework. Cincinnati Incorporated generously provided expertise and equipment that were crucial to the project.


Michael Baumberger


Chad Brathwaite, Jake Clare, Kody DeCosta, Abbey Latham, Jimmy Neff, Asya Shine, Courtney St. John, Ryan Terrell, Will Ulmer, Keegan Graham, Jackie Nehrbass, Caroline Proffit, and Renee Saavedra

Fabrication Sponsor

Cincinnati Incorporated


Central Middle School, 2007
Ralph Johnson of Perkins + Will
725 7th Street

Built 40 years apart, Lincoln Elementary School by Gunnar Birkerts in 1967 and Central Middle School by Perkins and Will built in 2007 share the same site: a large block that extends east along Fifth Street from Pearl to Chestnut Streets and north towards Eighth Street. Far more than cozy neighbors, these buildings also refer to prior buildings and sites. Whereas the simple, sunken geometric plan of Lincoln Elementary evokes the clear organization of Saarinen’s Irwin Conference Center, Central Middle School departs from glass-box corporate modernism in similar ways as does Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo Associates’ Cummins Corporate Office Building.

Materials and Fabrication

3D-printed carbon fiber-reinforced ABS plastic, CNC-milled laminated plywood, laser-cut steel.

To create INSCRIBED, the OSU team explored the potential of 3D printing to produce a pavilion. Beginning with studies and models built with desktop 3D printers and CNC-milled foam, they developed a way to use 3D printing to directly translate expressive line drawings into physical form, rather than building up a volume with printed layers. They worked with Cincinnati Incorporated to use their BAAM (Big Area Additive Manufacturing Machine, the largest 3D printer available) to print panels in ABS plastic. Students constructed the framework and the interior benches out of CNC-milled laminated plywood. They designed unique laser-cut and custom-bent steel straps to join the plywood frame at each corner of the faceted polygon, lending the structure rigidity without interrupting the flow of lines and curves. Students practiced assembling the entire pavilion on the OSU campus in Columbus, Ohio, to streamline the installation process in Columbus, Indiana, for the exhibition.